Hoopoe, National Bird of Israel

Dirty, treif, but fit for a king, the hoopoe’s our nat’l bird

Our newly crowned national bird, the hoopoe, may not be kosher or particularly hygienic, but it is fit for a king.

The Hoopoe, Israel’s national bird.

Photo: Courtesy

Hailed on Thursday by the Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel as the ideal choice for the honor, the hoopoe, known in Hebrew as duchifat, holds an ambiguous position in Hebrew scriptures.

Due to its association with King Solomon, the bird is traditionally viewed in a positive light. According to Jewish folklore (as well as the Koran), the hoopoe helped lead King Solomon to the Queen of Sheba. Unsure about the queen’s purity and motives, Solomon confided in the bird and trusted its advice. The king also praised the hoopoe’s observation techniques and called it “wise.”

In Leviticus 11:13-19, however, the hoopoe is among several creatures described as “detestable, abhorrent” and not to be eaten.

Still, in the race for modern national primacy, it easily met the strict competition criteria. The winner had to represent Israel’s character, be a permanent resident of the country and appear in Jewish tradition.

Israel is home to around 540 bird species. But bird-lovers had the chance to choose their favorite one from a shortlist of 10 species compiled by ornithologists. Ballots were placed across the country, including in national parks, the Ramat Gan Safari and the Jerusalem Biblical Zoo. Tens of thousands of schoolchildren and soldiers took part in the vote, which was also held in 40 Israeli embassies and consulates worldwide.

The hoopoe, which will now get a stamp of its own and other elevated status symbols, received 35 percent of the vote, the warbler (pashosh) came second with 10.3%, and the finch (chochit) took third place with 9.8%.

In announcing the hoopoe’s landslide victory in the nationwide vote by over 155,000 people, President Shimon Peres said the primaries were the most successful in Israel’s 60 years of statehood, but expressed regret that “the most Zionist bird in nature,” the dove, had failed to make the finals.

“The dove is a very special bird,” Peres said, “because no matter where it goes, how great the distance may be or the obstacles in its path, it always returns home.”

The brainchild of Dr. Yossi Leshem, a former head of SPNI, the national bird contest was created to draw attention to nature conservation during the state’s 60th birthday celebrations.

The winner’s identity was revealed Thursday at a festive ceremony at Beit Hanassi attended by hundreds of bird-lovers from Israel and abroad.

“It was my choice from the beginning,” biologist David Glasner, director of the Jordan Valley Bird Watching center, told The Jerusalem Post.

“I think they chose [the hoopoe] because of its appearance and beauty,” he enthused. “It’s unique [and] special for Israel because it’s not common – you can’t see it in every field.”

The hoopoe is widespread in Europe, Asia and North Africa. It is already the national bird of Italy, and among many African, Native American and Afghan tribes, the bird is seen as a positive cultural symbol. In France the hoopoe is considered stupid, however, and in Greek mythology it symbolizes murder and death.

They hoopoe is distinguished by its colorful complexion, its long, swooping beak and slicked back tuft of hair. The bird builds its nest in tree holes and has a notoriously fetid odor, keeping excrement in its lair to ward off intruders.

“It’s not a very hygienic bird. It smells very bad,” Jonathan Meyrav, a bird expert at Kibbutz Lahav in the Negev, said with a laugh. “It wasn’t my personal favorite – but the people have spoken.”



After five months of suspense, the hoopoe is crowned Israel’s state bird

By Zafrir Rinat, Haaretz Correspondent and Haaretz Service

Tags: Israel, Hoopoe, finch

The wait is over: after five long months of campaigning, the hoopoe has beat out nine other finalists to secure the title of Israel’s state bird. The winner was announced on Thursday at the President’s Residence in Jerusalem.

The hoopoe (duhifat, in Hebrew) won 35 percent of the votes, beating out the warbler (ten percent) and the finch (9.8 percent).

The national bird selection process, sponsored by the Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel (SPNI) began about five months ago. Voters chose from a list of 10 species on the SPNI website.

Surveys show that 46 percent of the votes for the winning bird came from Israel Defense Forces soldiers.

In Thursday’s celebratory ceremony, President Shimon Peres delivered a speech highlighting the importance of preserving endangered birds. He specifically referred to the vulture, after which he changed his name from Persky to Peres, which means vulture in Hebrew. The president said he would ask France and Germany, two countries that specialize in breeding the bird of prey in order to release it to nature, to cooperate with Israel on preservation.

Dr. Yossi Leshem, the Tel Aviv University ornithologist who helped initiate the campaign to choose a state bird, said that the election of city birds is next on the agenda. Tel Aviv has already announced that it will adopt the swallow as its municipal avian mascot and set up nest installations around the city.








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